Research and Archives

1763 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 6 MB)

Portrait showing Gother Mann, aged 16 in 1763, senior officer of the Royal Engineers.

Gother Mann. Unknown Artist, Library and Archives Canada published holdings project, Library and Archives Canada, accession number: MIKAN 2958032, C-020236.

Alexander McMartin correspondence

1796-1880 | Multiple | Download original version » (.pdf 835 KB)

Correspondence containing information relating to Alexander McMartin’s business dealing with the Rideau Canal. The series includes statements of completed works and correspondence related to the Rideau Canal project.

Archives of Ontario, F 526, Series B8 – E6. Alexander McMartin Fonds. Records relating to McMartin's business with the Rideau Canal [1796-1880].

1800-1850 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 5 MB)

Royal Engineers buttons from 1850 to 1855, made of brass.

Royal Engineers’ Buttons, 1800- 1850, brass, Bytown Museum, M113.

1812-1815 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 5 MB)

Map of the United States exhibiting the Canadian frontier from 1812 to 1815.

"United States of America exhibiting the seat of War on the Canadian Frontier from 1812 to 1815", 1816, Library and Archives Canada, H3/1200/1816, NMC 12846 .

1820s | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

Door knock from Lt. Col. By's house, made of iron, 1820s.

Door Knocker- Lt. Col. John By’s House, 1820s, iron, Bytown Museum, H247.

1820-1830 | Sgt. J Coombs | Download original version » (.jpg 5 MB)

Royal Sappers and Miners Uniform Jacket- Sgt. J. Coombs, 1820- 1830, wool & brass, Bytown Museum, M107.

WO 44 - Document 10

1824 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.pdf 3 MB)

Letters regarding cost estimate versus expenditures, justification for expenditure report, explanation of expenses with cost breakdowns.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume, 15, pages 156-165.

Five Year In the Canadas

1824 | Talbot, Edward Allen | Download original version » (.pdf 15 MB)

Series of descriptive letters covering different aspects of life in the Canadas. Topics include descriptions of military settlements, immigrant settlement, nature, domestic animals, trees, food, and experiences while travelling by land and waterway.

Talbot, Edward Allen. Five Years' Residence in the Canadas Including a Tour through Part of the United States of America, in the Year 1823. London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, 1824. CIHM/ICMH Microfiche series no. 40914. Canadiana.org. Web.

WO 44 - Document 30

1825-1826 | Multiple | Download original version » (.pdf 6 MB)

Information relating to water communication in Canada, 1825-1826.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 19, pages 16-19.

WO 44 - Document 31

1825-1826 | Multiple | Download original version » (.pdf 13 MB)

Correspondence relative to water communication in Canada, 1825-1826.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 19, pages 19-28.

1826 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

The first Royal Engineers Camp at Bytown, 1826.

John By (1826). © McCord Museum. M386. Drawing. First Camp, By-Town (Ottawa), Ontario. .

July 13, 1826 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 132 KB)

Letter from Lt. Col. By sent to General Mann, November 1, 1827.

Library and Archives Canada, RG 8, volume 44, page 202.

1826 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Letter from 1826 from the master general and the Board of Ordnance commanding Lt. Col. By to begin construction of the Rideau Canal project.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 18, pages 106-109.

WO 44 - Document 7

1826 | Multiple | Download original version » (.pdf 2 MB)

Correspondence between the Royal Engineers and the Board of Ordnance from 1826, dealing with the verification of the Rideau Canal, requests for rations (MacTaggart as clerk of works), and drawing of allowances.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 15, pages 1-7.

1826 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Report on the Ottawa River and Kingston water communication, March 16, 1826.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 18, pages 69-74.

1826 | Gother Mann | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Series of correspondence in reference to fortification details between Ottawa and Kingston, March 22, 1826.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 18, pages 75-77.

1826 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Report on the fortification details at Kingston, Upper Canada, 1826.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 18, pages 78-83.

1826 | Multiple | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Correspondence regarding the fortification of Upper Canada dated April 15, 1826.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 18, pages 92-100.

1826 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Letter to General Mann in December 1826 expressing the importance of the canal to communication and military strength in the Canadas.

Library and Archives Canada, RG8, volume 42, pages 144a-152.

ca. 1826 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Letter from Lt. Col. By to General Mann (pre-1826). After examining the military of Canada, Lt. Col. By is convinced that the construction of a steamboat navigation system would be the best way to protect Canada from American attack.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 863, pages 242-247.

1826 | Byham | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Office of Ordnance, January 25, 1826. Letter from Byham acknowledging the need for a canal in Canada and advising the need for proper record keeping and that estimates be specific and highly detailed.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 865, page 222.

June 21, 1826 | Board Of Ordnance | Download original version » (.jpg 209 KB)

Report for earth excavation and additional work at the embankment for the basin, masonry details at the 4th lock, and general contingencies for plans around the eight locks and Bytown prepared by Lt. Col. By, ca. 1829.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 18, page 107.

1827 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

Elevation from one side of a lock gate by Lt. Col. By, 1827.

Great Britain Army Corps of Royal Engineers, "Elevation view of one side of a lock gate, on reverse, Elevation view of the other side of a lock gate John By, Lt. Colonel Roy'l Engrs., Com'g. Rideau Canal, 1st December 1827", [1827], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-21872.

1827 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 5 MB)

Plan and elevation of the barracks and hospital erected on Barrack Hill on the west side of the Rideau Canal by Lt. Col. By.

Lt Col John By, "Plan and Elevation of the Barracks and Hospital erected on the Hill right hand or west side of the Canal Valley Ottawa River. Lt. Col. By Commanding Royal Engineers, Rideau Canal", [1827], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-0023046.

1827 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Great Britain Army Corps of Royal Engineers, "Plan and Sections of the Large Lock Proposed by Lieut. Col. John By, Royal Engineers, Commanding Rideau Canal 1st December 1827", [1827], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-21871.

November 1, 1827 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 538 KB)

Letter from Lt. Col. John By to General Mann concerning the defence of the Canadas, 1827.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 44, page 202.

1827 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Correspondence from Lt. Col. By to General Mann, November 1827. Correspondence relates to the length and width of the canal and a request for additional funds.

Library and Archives Canada, RG8, volume 44, pages 202-205.

1827 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Correspondence from Lt. Col. By dated December 1827, regarding military affairs.

Library and Archives Canada, RG8, volume 44, pages 225-228.

1827 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Correspondence from Lt. Col. By to J. G. Smith regarding financial information about the Rideau Canal project.

Library and Archives Canada, RG8, volume 44, pages 229-231.

1828 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Great Britain Army Corps of Royal Engineers, "Plan of the Approved Locks for the Rideau Canal, Lt. Col. By Commanding Royal Engineer John By, Lt. Colonel Roy'l. Engrs. Com'g. Rideau Canal, 8th July 1828", [1828], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-21893.

1828 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Plan and sections of the eighth lock, 1828.

Unknown Artist, "Plan and Sections of the Eighth Lock, 10 feet Lift. Estimate of Masonry...", [1842], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-5239.

1828 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Sketch of the line of the Rideau Canal from Bytown to Kingston (no. 3).

Maule Family / Earl of Dalhousie fonds. "36 plans and abstract of the estimate of expenditure of the Rideau Canal", 1828. National Archives of Scotland. GD45/3/9.

ca. 1828 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 711 KB)

Brockville public meeting.

Letter from N.A. Barid, in Montreal concerning his situation on the Rideau Canal, 1828. National Archives of Scotland. GD45/3/458. (reproduction #NAS02024 GD45-3-458-00832).

ca. 1828 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 622 KB)

Brockville public meeting (p. 2).

Letter from N.A. Barid, in Montreal concerning his situation on the Rideau Canal, 1828. National Archives of Scotland. GD45/3/458. (reproduction #NAS02024 GD45-3-458-00832V).

1828 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Document showing the proposed establishment of the Royal Engineers Department for the year 1828. It contains a detailed ledger page of estimated cost breakdown of salaries, rations, and lodging submitted by Lt. Col. By.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 15, page 11.

1828 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Abstract of the estimate for sites along the Rideau Canal, May 5, 1828.

Maule Family / Earl of Dalhousie fonds. "36 plans and abstract of the estimate of expenditure of the Rideau Canal", 1828. National Archives of Scotland. GD45/3/9.

WO 44 - Document 1

1829 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.pdf 5 MB)

Report on the first eight locks of the Rideau Canal detailing progress and cost, written by Lt. Col. By, 1829.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 18, pages 217-226.

WO 44 - Document 3

1829 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.pdf 4 MB)

General contingencies report for structures erected around Entrance Valley, prepared by Lt. Col. By, 1829.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO40, Volume 18, pages 340-347.

WO 44 - Document 14

1829 | Multiple | Download original version » (.pdf 1 MB)

Letter from the Royal Engineers to General Mann from 1829 with legal information regarding the construction of the locks.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 15, pages 48-60.

1830 | Thomas Burrowes | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Thomas Burrowes painting of the St. Lawrence River; Fort Henry and Kingston can be seen in the distance.

Archives of Ontario, C 1-0-0-0-92. Thomas Burrowes fonds. View near the head of the St. Lawrence [1830].

1830 | Thomas Burrowes | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

A Thomas Burrowes painting of Ogdensburg from the Canadian shore of the St. Lawrence River above Prescott.

Archives of Ontario, C 1-0-0-0-80. Thomas Burrowes fonds. Ogdensburgh on the St. Lawrence River [1830].

1830 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 7 MB)

Plan of the first eight locks of the Rideau Canal also showing the location of the Commissariat and Royal Engineers Office by Lt. Col. By, 1830 (part 1 of 2).

Unknown Artist, "The First 8 locks of Canal (1/2)", [1830], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-086112.

1830 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Plan of the first eight locks of the Rideau Canal also showing the location of the Commissariat and Royal Engineers Office by Lt. Col. By, 1830 (part 2 of 2).

Unknown Artist, "The First 8 locks of Canal (2/2)", [1830], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-086112.

1830 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 5 MB)

Plan of a section of the breast work of the seventh lock of the first eight locks of the Rideau Canal, 1830.

Unknown Artist, "Section of the Breast Work of the seventh lock Bytown", [1830], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-129708.

1830 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 6 MB)

Plan of the upper gate of the first eight locks of the Rideau Canal, 1830.

Unknown Artist, "Upper gate, 1st 8 locks Bytown, Rideau Canal", [1830], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-129707.

1830 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Plan of the line of the Rideau Canal showing the situation of the fall in 1830.

Unknown Artist,"Plan of the line of the Rideau Canal showing the situation of the fall in 1830", The National Archives of the UK, MP1-157.

WO 44 - Document 13

1830 | Multiple | Download original version » (.pdf 2 MB)

The Engineers Office 1830: the construction of the canal protected both in person and in lawsuits.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 15, pages 38-47.

RG8 - Document 6

1830 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.pdf 1 MB)

Correspondence from Lt. Col. By dated February 1830 regarding the construction of the Commissariat building.

Library and Archives Canada, RG 8, volume 50, pages 82-84.

1831 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

Plan for fortifying the hill above the Entrance Valley, 1831.

Unknown Artist, "Endorsed: Plan for Fortifying the Hill above the Entrance Valley of the Rideau Canal at Bytown (now Parliament Hill, Ottawa)", [1831], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-0005249.

1831 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Plan of the ground and proposed military works on the west side of the first eight locks, 1831.

Lt Col John By, "Plan of the Ground & Proposed Military Works on the West Side of the First Eight Locks Rideau Canal. Lt. Coln. J. By. Commanding Royal Engineer", [1831], Library and Archives Canada,(5 sections), NMC-0017423.

1831 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

John By, "Plan of the Ground & Proposed Military Works on the West Side of the First Eight Locks", 1831, Library and Archives Canada, H1/440/Ottawa/1831 (5 sections), NMC 17423.

WO 44 - Document 28

1831 | Unknown | Download original version » (.pdf 2 MB)

Correspondence relative to water communication in Canada, 1831.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 19, pages 6-9.

WO 44 - Document 29

1831 | Unknown | Download original version » (.pdf 2 MB)

Correspondence relative to water communication in Canada, 1831.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 19, pages 12-13.

1832 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 9 MB)

Lt. Col. John By, 1832.

By, John, 1832. Unknown Artist, Kingston Picture Collection, Queen's University Archives, accession number V23 P-58.

1832 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Plan showing the lifts of the locks of the Rideau Canal from the Ottawa River to Kingston.

Unknown Artist. Lifts of the Locks on the Rideau Canal, 1832, Ordnance Department.The National Archives of the UK, MPH1-238 (1).

1832 | Daniel Jones to Lt. Col. By | Download original version » (.jpg 568 KB)

Brockville letter, 1832.

Letter from N.A. Barid, in Montreal concerning his situation on the Rideau Canal, 1828. National Archives of Scotland. GD45/3/458. (reproduction #NAS02024 GD45-3-458-00833).

1832 | George Auldjo | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Letter to Lt. Col. By from George Auldjo, 1832.

Letter from N.A. Barid, in Montreal concerning his situation on the Rideau Canal, 1828. National Archives of Scotland. GD45/3/458. (reproduction #NAS02024 GD45-3-458-00839).

1832 | George Auldjo | Download original version » (.jpg 538 KB)

Letter to Lt. Col. By from George Auldjo, 1832.

Letter from N.A. Barid, in Montreal concerning his situation on the Rideau Canal, 1828. National Archives of Scotland. GD45/3/458. (reproduction #NAS02024 GD45-3-458-00840).

ca. 1832 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 351 KB)

Letter from N. A. Baird, in Montreal, to Lt. Col. By.

Letter from N.A. Barid, in Montreal concerning his situation on the Rideau Canal, 1828. National Archives of Scotland. GD45/3/458. (reproduction #NAS02024 GD45-3-458-00841).

WO 44 - Document 9

1832 | Multiple | Download original version » (.pdf 3 MB)

Correspondence of indigent emigrants not allowed to pass through the Rideau Canal duty-free.

Library and Archives Canada,MG-13-WO44, volume 15, pages 133-147.

1833 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 843 KB)

Sketch of the embankment at Black Rapids with the proposed method of repair in 1833.

Unknown Artist, Embankment at Black Rapids, 1833, Ordnance Department,The National Archives of the UK, MPHH1-697 (30).

ca. 1837 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Engineers Cap, ca. 1837, made of wool, leather, and metal.

Royal Engineers Cap, c. 1837, wool, leather & metal, Bytown Museum, M111.

ca. 1838 | P. J. Bainbrigge | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Jones Falls, Rideau Canal, Upper Canada by Philip John Bainbrigge, 1838 

Jones Falls, Rideau Canal, Upper Canada. Philip John Bainbrigge fonds, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1983-47-44, C-011835.

1840 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Sketch of the Canadas showing the relative positions of several of the military posts.

Unknown Artist, 'Sketch of the Canadas', The National Archives of the UK, MPG1-99(1).

1840 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 960 KB)

Sketch of the Canadas showing the relative positions of several of the military posts.

Unknown Artist,"Sketch of the Canadas (II)", The National Archives of the UK, MPGG1-71(1).

1840 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Sketch of the land taken for the service of the Rideau Canal above the first eight locks.

Unknown Artist,"Sketch of the land taken for the service of the Rideau Canal above the first eight locks", The National Archives of the UK, MPH1-990 (11).

WO 55 - Document 4

1840 | Byham | Download original version » (.pdf 452 KB)

Office of the Ordnance, November 20, 1840. A letter from Byham stating the Ordnance buildings considered unfit for repairs on the line of the Ottawa canals be sold as proposed by Col. Oldfield.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 875, page 190.

WO 55 - Document 5

1840 | Unknown | Download original version » (.pdf 3 MB)

Command of Royal Engineers Office, September 18, 1840. The commanding Royal Engineer in the Canadas to the inspection of the Rideau and Ottawa canals, the want of comments, the settlements of claims, disposal of property, importance of the position of Bytown, suggesting the preparation of a project for its defence in reference to which any new buildings should be constructed or stone quarries opened.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 875, pages 458-461.

1841 | Bartlett | Download original version » (.jpg 5 MB)

A view of the Entrance Valley by W. H. Bartlett before 1841.

Locks on the Rideau Canal, Bytown (Ottawa). William Henry Bartlett fonds, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1992-556-1, C-002367.

WO 55 - Document 6

1841 | Unknown | Download original version » (.pdf 441 KB)

Montreal, February 10, 1841. The commanding royal engineer in Canada to the inspector general of fortifications transmitting a copy of a communication from Major Bolton in charge of the Rideau and Ottawa canals, dated February 4, 1841, relative to the want of civil assistance at the latter.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 875, page 335.

WO 55 - Document 7

1841 | Major Bolton | Download original version » (.pdf 757 KB)

February 23, 1841. Major Bolton requests assistance in the form of three servants, two female and one male, as he is in charge of the Rideau and Ottawa canals.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 876, page 337.

WO 55 - Document 8

1842 | Butler | Download original version » (.pdf 2 MB)

Office of Ordnance, August 26, 1842. With reference to a memorandum dated September 4, 1841 from the Commanding Royal Engineer in Canada, a petition from lock labourers on the Rideau Canal for an increase of pay. Response from G. Butler confirms that following discussions between the master general and Board of Ordnance, the pay of the paid labourers, temporary as well as permanent, be increased during the season of navigation. The master general and board also decided it was best to decrease the numbers of permanent labourers during the winter season to better accommodate the pay raise.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 877, pages 283-285.

WO 55 - Document 3

1843 | Unknown | Download original version » (.pdf 337 KB)

Sketch of the first eight locks, Bytown, showing the wharf's landing places in connection with the Ordnance storehouse marked A. The dry dock B and the part of the canal now widening to form an [illegible in original document] C., and the “rite” of the step log as the end of the eight locks D. The Royal Engineers Office, Bytown, December 22, 1843.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 878, page 731.

WO 55 - Document 10

1843 | Unknown | Download original version » (.pdf 950 KB)

January 21, 1843. A report following a meeting in Merrickville to discuss canal tolls; those in attendance worried the tolls would hurt the canal’s prosperity.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 878, pages 216-217.

WO 55 - Document 11

1843 | Unknown | Download original version » (.pdf 1 MB)

November 21, 1843, Royal Engineers Office Headquarters, Montreal. A letter discussing the future seat of government’s effect on the residence of the commanding engineer as well as the notion of moving the seat of government from Kingston to Montreal.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, pages 322-324.

WO 55 - Document 12

1843 | Unknown | Download original version » (.pdf 756 KB)

Royal Engineers Office Headquarters, Montreal, December 19, 1843. A letter discussing the recent passing of the Vesting Act. Clause 28 states that all land that has been claimed for service of the Rideau Canal be surrendered by the Ordnance. If the land is again needed by the Ordnance, it must be purchased from the owner.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55,volume 878, page 328.

WO 55 - Document 13

1843 | Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.pdf 757 KB)

Bytown, December 1, 1843. A list of all the communications on the subject of the land taken from Mr. Sparks at Bytown by Lt. Col. By, that have been “new found” in the Royal Engineers Office at this place.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 878, page 347.

ca. 1843-1859 | E. W. Sewell | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

View of Barrack Hill and the Ottawa River at Bytown (Ottawa), ca. 1843-1859.

View of Barrack Hill and the Ottawa River at Bytown (Ottawa). Edmund Willoughby Sewell, Edmund Willoughby Sewell collection, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1991-120-3, C-011047.

1844 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 739 KB)

Plan of shelving for the lower ordnance stores shown on the ground plan, 1844.

Unknown Artist, Shelving for Lower Ordnance Store, 1844, Ordnance Department, The National Archives of the UK, MPHH1-697 (34).

1844 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 720 KB)

Plan of the ground and the third storey in the government building on the east side of the Rideau Canal from 1844.

Unknown Artist, The Government Building on the East side of the Rideau Canal, 1844, Ordnance Department, The National Archives of the UK, MPHH1-697 (35).

1844 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Sketch showing the water communications between Montreal and Kingston in 1844.

Unknown Artist,"Sketch showing the water communications between Montreal and Kingston in 1844", The National Archives of the UK, MPHH1-701 (7).

1845 | Thomas Burrowes | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Thomas Burrowes painting from 1845 depicting repairs at the Waste-weir dam at Long Island. The mud-creek waste weir can also be seen in the distance.

Archives of Ontario, C 1-0-0-0-20. Thomas Burrowes fonds. Repairing the Waste-weir Dam at Long Island in the Winter [1845].

1845 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Sketch of Bytown to accompany the clerk of works letter dated May 19, 1845.

Unknown Artist,''Bytown (now Ottawa), sketch map showing land lots purchased by the government", Ordnance Department, The National Archives of the UK, MR1-1925 (2).

1845 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Sketch of land adjoining a portion of the Rideau Canal in 1845.

Knight,Captain J E Alexander, "Sketch of land adjoining a portion of the Rideau Canal, shewing the extent of the basin and reservoir proposed to be formed …", 1845, Ordnance Department, The National Archives of the UK, MR1-1925 (3).

WO 55 - Document 16

1845 | Byham | Download original version » (.pdf 397 KB)

Office of Ordnance, August 27, 1845. A letter from Byham announcing the promotion of John Burrows from foreman of works to clerk of works.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 879, page 202.

WO 55 - Document 18

1845 | Butler | Download original version » (.pdf 681 KB)

Office of Ordnance, September 10, 1845. A letter by Butler outlining the rules and regulations surrounding the Rideau Canal as approved by the Governor General. Regulations naturally favour the passing of boats and vessels carrying troops.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 879, page 243.

1846 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 901 KB)

Sketch showing the land taken by Lt. Col. By for the Rideau Canal.

Unknown Artist,"Sketch showing the land taken by Lt. Col. By for the Rideau Canal", The National Archives of the UK, MPH1-990 (19).

WO 55 - Document 19

1847 | Byham | Download original version » (.pdf 509 KB)

Office of Ordnance, March 1, 1847. A report written by Byham suggesting conversations begin around the construction of more canals in Canada.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 881, page 61.

WO 55 - Document 21

1848 | Unknown | Download original version » (.pdf 6 MB)

Royal Engineers Headquarters Office, Montreal, February 22, 1848. Discussion and estimates about the purchase and maintenance of a steamboat for the service of the Rideau and Ottawa canals.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 881, pages 383-393.

1849 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Technical drawing showing the ruins of the military quarters in 1849.

Unknown Artist, Ruins of Quarters, 1849, Ordnance Department, The National Archives of the UK, MPHI-1151 (1).

WO 55 - Document 22

1849 | Byham | Download original version » (.pdf 381 KB)

Office of Ordnance, June 9, 1849. A note from Byham ensuring the revised appropriation for the Bytown barracks was underway and brought to the attention of the colonial secretary of state.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 883, page 169.

WO 55 - Document 23

1849 | Unknown | Download original version » (.pdf 6 MB)

Royal Engineers Headquarters Office, Montreal, January 3, 1849. Details on the fire at the commanding engineer’s quarters by Holloway and others.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 883, pages 332-342.

WO 55 - Document 24

1849 | Butler | Download original version » (.pdf 1 MB)

Office of Ordnance, December 21, 1849. Butler wrote this letter to transmit decisions made by the Ordnance concerning Lt. Col. By’s home on Major’s Hill. He encloses a copy of a report from the Ordnance.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 884, pages 1-3.

1850 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Skeleton map showing in vermillion the relative positions of the Ordnance properties.

Unknown Artist,"Skeleton Map of Ordnance Properties", The National Archives of the UK, MPH1-126 (1).

WO 55 - Document 25

1850 | Multiple | Download original version » (.pdf 5 MB)

Office of Ordnance, January 30, 1850. The Ordnance’s report and estimates of the expense of constructing a fence enclosing the Ordnance property on Barrack Hill, Bytown.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 884, pages 20-25.

WO 55 - Document 26

1850 | Multiple | Download original version » (.pdf 4 MB)

Royal Engineers Headquarters Office, Montreal, October 12, 1850. A letter to the inspector general of fortifications transmitting a plan of Ordnance land at Bytown, showing the land relinquished to Mr. Nicholas Sparks.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 884, pages 372 - 377.

ca. 1850-1855 | Walker | Download original version » (.jpg 855 KB)

Sketch of steamboat docked at wharf at Entrance Bay.

John Henry Walker (1831-1899). © McCord Museum. M930.50.7.868. Print. Rideau Canal.

1851 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Sketch of Bytown from 1851.

Pilkington, R. Four street plans showing a proposal for extending Wellington Street across Ordnance land, 1851. Ordnance Department.The National Archives of the UK, MR1-1024 (30).

1852 | Lt. C. Sedley | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Plans with the elevations and sections of barracks on Barrack Hill in Bytown by Lt. Sedley, 1852.

Lt C. Sedley, "Bytown C.W. Plans, elevation and sections of the Barracks", [1852], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-0023053.

1852 | Lt. C. Sedley | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Plans with the elevations and sections of barracks on Barrack Hill in Bytown by Lt. Sedley, 1852.

Lt C. Sedley, "Bytown, C.W. Plan, elevations & sections of the barracks", [1852], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-0017539.

1852 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Sketch of the ruins of the Palace Gate Barracks, ordnance stores and office in Quebec, 1852.

 

Unknown Artist, Ruins of the Palace Gate Barracks, 1828, Ordnance Department, The National Archives of the UK, MR1-1024 (23).

1852 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Sketch of Bytown to accompany the commanding Royal Engineer's letter to the inspector general in 1852.

Pilkington, R. Four street plans showing a proposal for extending Wellington Street across Ordnance land, 1851. Ordnance Department.The National Archives of the UK, MR1-1024 (29).

WO 55 - Document 27

1852 | Butler | Download original version » (.pdf 388 KB)

Office of Ordnance, January 9, 1852. A note stating the board’s sanctioning of an expenditure of £3.2.10 for exterior lamp irons at Barrack Hill in Bytown.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 886, Page 2.

1853 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 778 KB)

Plan of lot D belonging to the heirs of the late Lt. Col. By in 1853.

Pilkington, R. Four street plans showing a proposal for extending Wellington Street across Ordnance land, 1851. Ordnance Department.The National Archives of the UK, MR1-1024 (35).

1853 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Plan showing Bytown Ordnance property north of Wellington and Rideau streets, 1853.

No Artist,"Plan showing Bytown Ordnance property north of Wellington and Rideau streets", 1853, Library and Archives Canada, 77803/9 CA.

WO 55 - Document 29

1853 | Multiple | Download original version » (.pdf 3 MB)

Royal Engineers Headquarters Office, Montreal, January 14, 1853. The return of the plans of the Rideau Canal lands.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 886, pages 582-587.

1854 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Two engravings of the Ottawa Valley flank a portrait of Lt. Col. By. The inscription reads: “it remained Bytown until 1854 when it became a City under the Indian name of Ottawa”.

Ottawa City (page 1, image 3). Unknown Artist, Library and Archives Canada, accession number: 2000859394, e010939384.

WO 55 - Document 30

1855 | Unknown | Download original version » (.pdf 741 KB)

Office of Ordnance, January 8, 1855. A note stating the provincial government was to take over pensioners’ barracks at Niagara, Toronto, Prescott, and Bytown.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO55, volume 887, page 102.

Records of Rise of the City of Ottawa

1858 | Van Cortlandt, Gertrude | Download original version » (.pdf 3 MB)

City of Ottawa resident Gertrude Van Cortlandt writes about the development of Ottawa since the construction of the Rideau Canal until 1858. Topics include bridges, steamboats, places of worship, hospitals, mills, newspapers, foundries, factories, local institutes, railroads, and a general commentary on the development of the city.

Van Cortlandt, Gertrude. Records of the Rise and Progress of the City of Ottawa from the Foundation of the Rideau Canal to the Present Time. Ottawa?: [s.n.], 1858. CIHM/ICMH Microfiche series no. 63231. Canadiana.org. Web.

1860 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

Plan of the land belonging to James Holmes and others that has been affected by the building of the Rideau Canal, 1860.

"The Plan referred to in the humble petition of James Manger Holmes and others to Her Majesty the Queen [dealing with land affected by the building of the Rideau Canal, Ottawa]", [1860], Library and Archives Canada, H12/440/Ottawa/[1860], NMC 4005.

ca. 1865 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

A view of the locks, Parliament Hill, and the Ottawa River from Sappers Bridge around 1865. Hull is seen in the distance.

View from Sapper's Bridge. Unknown Photographer. Ralph Greenhill collection, Library and Archives Canada archival reference number R12495-0-8-E, C-084724.

1868-1878 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Plan showing sections of sounding of the Ottawa River at the foot of the locks, ca. 1868-1878.

Unknown Artist, "Sounding Ottawa River foot of lock [Plan and sections]", [1868-78], Library and Archives Canada, NMC-130197.

1885 | D. T. Irwin | Download original version » (.jpg 5 MB)

A watercolour rendering of Lt. Col. By’s office by D. T. Irwin, ca. 1885.

Office of the late Col. By. R.E. Ottawa. Thomas Irwin de la Cherois, Library and Archives Canada, accession number: MIKAN 2837714, C-006002.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Sketch of Upper Bytown showing lot no. 39 applied for by Captain Monk in 1836.

Unknown Artist,"Land Applied for by Captain Monk", The National Archives of the UK, MPH1-990 (7).

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Plan of the eighth gate of the first eight locks of the Rideau Canal.

Unknown Artist, Lock Gate (II), n.d., Ordnance Department, The National Archives of the UK, MR1-502 (2).

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 973 KB)

Colour plan and section of a single lock for the Rideau Canal.

Unknown Artist, Plan of a Lock, n.d, Ordnance Department,The National Archives of the UK, MPH1-238 (1).

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Sketch on line A B of a pointed cill and recess.

Unknown Artist, Pointed Cill & Recess, n.d., Ordnance Department,The National Archives of the UK, MPH1-238 (4).

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Plan of the pointed cill and recess of the combined locks.

Unknown Artist, Pointed Cill and Recess (II), n.d., Ordnance Department, The National Archives of the UK, MPH1-238 (3).

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 6 MB)

Reproduction of Rideau Canal lock chart made of paper, wood, and glass.

Reproduction of Rideau Canal Lock Chart, n.d., paper, wood & glass, Bytown Museum, P4218.

Lt. Col. John By | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Correspondence from Lt. Col. By relating to the importance of speedy communication and military networks for the protection of the Canadas.

Library and Archives Canada, RG8, volume 42, pages 153-156.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Photograph of the Rideau King steamboat passing through the locks .

Rideau King. Unknown Photographer, A.E. Young collection and other views of North America, 1858-1958 (formerly Series B), Andrew Merrilees / Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1980-149 NPC, PA-142355.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Royal Engineers’ Plaque, n.d., brass, Bytown Museum, N96 a,b.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

An early photograph of the ruins of Lt. Col. By’s house on Major’s Hill. Date and photographer are unknown.

Ruins of Col. By's house Major's Hill Park. Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada accession number 1970-001 NPC , C-023602.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Sketch of the line of the Rideau Canal from Bytown to Kingston (no. 1).

Maule Family / Earl of Dalhousie fonds. "36 plans and abstract of the estimate of expenditure of the Rideau Canal", 1828. National Archives of Scotland. GD45/3/9.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Sketch of the line of the Rideau Canal from Bytown to Kingston (no. 2).

Maule Family / Earl of Dalhousie fonds. "36 plans and abstract of the estimate of expenditure of the Rideau Canal", 1828. National Archives of Scotland. GD45/3/9.

WO 44 - Document 16

Lt. Col. John | Download original version » (.pdf 9 MB)

Report on a general description of works and increase of expenses for Hartwells Locks, Hog's Back, and the first eight locks, prepared by Lt. Col. By. A financial breakdown can be located at the end of this file.

Library and Archives Canada, MG-13-WO44, volume 18, pages 225-242.