Research and Archives

1845-1885 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Maison Mère des Soeurs Grises de la Croix, Ottawa.

Maison mère 1885 3, Archives des Sœurs de la Charité d’Ottawa.

ca. 1855-1860 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 5 MB)

Thomas McKay, builder of Rideau Hall and Earnscliffe, ca.1855-1860.

Thomas McKay, builder of Rideau Hall and Earnscliffe,. Unknown Photographer, Alexander Scott fonds, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1977-137 NPC, PA-125208.

1857 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Photograph of Lower Town in the distance, taken from Barrack Hill (Parliament Hill).

Lower town, Ottawa City, C[anada]W[est] from Barrack Hill [now Parliament Hill]. Unknown Photographer, Ottawa Historical Society / Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1979-047 NPC, PA-120597.

ca. 1857 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 23 MB)

A view of Barrack Hill during the construction of the Parliament Buildings, dating after 1857.

Barracks Hill Ottawa (Page 41 Acc. 1991-070). Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada, accession number: e010801340.

ca. 1858-1867 | Elihu Spencer | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Photograph featuring the Royal Engineers Office and details of the lock gates; taken by Elihu Spencer, ca. 1858 to 1867.

[Entrance to Rideau Canal, Ottawa, C.W.]. Elihu Spencer, A.W. Davison collection, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1971-117 NPC, C-037301.

ca. 1859 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

The Parliament Buildings were constructed from 1859 to 1867. This image was likely taken early on, as remnants of temporary workers’ shanties remain and the original Centre Block tower has yet to be built.

Ottawa - Building The Parliament Buildings. Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada accession number: 2000805619, e010939381.

1860 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 19 MB)

Overlooking the Entrance Valley locks from Sappers Bridge, photographer unknown.

Ottawa + Kingston Canal view of locks (Page 41 Acc. 1991-070). Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada, accession number: e010801341.

1860 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Several lumber rafts pictured on the Ottawa River directly below Barrack Hill, dating prior to 1860.

Barracks Hill and Ottawa River with lumber. Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada accession number: 2000629909 600-7, e010939376.

1860 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

A log boom on the Ottawa River beneath the Library of Parliament; photograph taken in 1860.

Library of Parliament and Log Boom on the Ottawa River, Ottawa. Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada accession number: 2000629909 600-7, e010939377.

1860 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Photograph of the Lumber Arch, Union Square, Ottawa, 1860.

Lumber Arch - Union Square, Ottawa, 1860. Unknown Photographer, Photographs of miscellaneous events and activities throughout Canada collection, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1964-144 NPC, C-000012.

1860 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

An arch erected opposite 113 and 114 Sparks Street in 1860 in honour of the visit of the Prince of Wales. Construction materials reflect the ample supply of lumber in the Ottawa Valley.

Arch erected opposite 113 and 114 Sparks Street. Unknown Photographer, Charles Berkeley Powell, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1933-226 NPC, C-002183.

ca. 1861 | Samuel McLaughlin | Download original version » (.jpg 5 MB)

Looking east from Parliament Hill, by Samuel McLaughlan, ca. 1861.

View towards east from Parliament Hill, Parliament Buildings - Construction.  Samuel McLaughlin fonds, Photographs of miscellaneous events and activities throughout Canada collection, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1964-144 NPC, C-000610.

1861 | Elihu Spencer | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

A view of the Entrance Locks looking towards Major’s Hill. Photograph taken around 1861 by Elihu Spencer.

Locks at entrance to Rideau Canal. Elihu Spencer, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1939-629 NPC, C-034001.

ca. 1861 | Elihu Spencer | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Photograph of the first eight locks looking towards Entrance Bay, ca. 1861.

Rideau Canal. Unknown Photographer, Lord Alexander Russell fonds,Jacobs / Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-038 NPC, C-020669.

ca. 1865 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Parliament Hill shortly after its completion, with the Entrance Valley locks below.photographer is unknown.

Rideau Locks, Ottawa, Ont. Unknown Photographer, Edward McCann collection [graphic material], McCann, Ed / Library and Archives Canada accession number 1988-286 NPC, PA-171981.

ca. 1865 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

A view of the locks, Parliament Hill, and the Ottawa River from Sappers Bridge around 1865. Hull is seen in the distance.

View from Sapper's Bridge. Unknown Photographer. Ralph Greenhill collection, Library and Archives Canada archival reference number R12495-0-8-E, C-084724.

1865 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 11 MB)

Photograph of Centre Block, Parliament Buildings under construction.

Centre Block, Parliament Buildings under construction. Samuel McLaughlin, Photographs of miscellaneous events and activities throughout Canada collection, Samuel McLaughlin / Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1964-144 NPC, C-003039.

ca. 1867 | Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

A view of the Entrance Locks looking north, taken by professional photographer William James Topley prior to Confederation in 1867.

Rideau Canal from Parliament Hill. William James Topley, Topley Series SD, Library and Archives Canada, accession number: MIKAN 3326193, PA-012586.

ca. 1867 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Photograph of Parliament Hill from the Chaudière FallsTaken by an unknown photographer,1867.

Parliament Hill from the Chaudière Falls. Unknown Photographer, Howard T. Pammett / Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1971-019 NPC, PA-056058.

1867 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Photograph of workers, likely associated with the booming timber trade, at the wharf slightly east of Entrance Bay, 1867.

Ottawa, Canada. Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada accession number: 2000629897 6000-9, e010939378.

ca. 1867 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Completed Parliament Buildings above activities surrounding the timber trade on the Ottawa River; photograph dates after 1867.

Parliament Buildings. Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada accession number: 2000805602, e010939380.

ca. 1867 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

An exceptional view of Nepean Point and the Ottawa River from the highest point available; photograph dates after 1867; photographer unknown.

Nepean Point - From the Steeple of Parliament. Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada accession number1/4/2012 2000805708, e010939382.

ca. 1868 | Samuel McLaughlin | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Parliament Buildings construction. Centre Block showing north-west section and the buttresses of the Library, ca. 1868.

Parliament Buildings - construction. Centre Block showing north-west section and the buttresses of the Library. Samuel McLaughlin, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1964-144 NPC, C-010005.

1870-1880 | Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Photograph of Court House, Nicholas and Daly Streets, by William James Topley.

Court House, Nicholas and Daly Streets. William James Topley, Topley Series F, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC, PA-012412.

1871 | Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

A photograph portrait of Sister Superior Mère Bruyère taken in 1871 by William James Topley.

Mère Bruyère. William James Topley, Topley Studio fonds, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC, PA-186452.

ca. 1872 | Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Sister Superior, Mère Bruyère. William James Topley, Topley Studio, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC, C-004023.

ca. 1872 | A. Henderson | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Timber raft in front of Parliament Buildings, Ottawa River

Timber raft in front of Parliament Buildings, Ottawa River. A. Henderson, Views of Canada, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1981-156 NPC, PA-149793.

1872 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

Construction of the Parliamentary Library in 1872, taken by an unknown photographer.

Construction of the Parliament Library in Ottawa. Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1975-238 NPC, C-080781.

1873 | Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

A photograph taken by William James Topley from the East Block of Parliament Hill showing the office of the Royal Engineers, Major’s Hill Park, and Lower Town in 1873.

Lower Town from East Block of Parliament Buildings. William James Topley, Topley Series E, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC, PA-009307.

ca. 1880 | Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 967 KB)

Photograph of bridges in Ottawa going over the Rideau Canal.

Canal and Bridges. William James Topley, Topley Series E [graphic material], William James Topley/Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC, PA-009306.

ca. 1880 | Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Photogrpah of Entrance Valley and the rear of Parliament Hill by William James Topley, 1880.

Parliament Hill from rear showing Rideau Canal Locks and Entrance Bay. William James Topley, Topley Series TXF, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC , PA-012382.

1893 | Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Shanty camp, 1893.

Shanty camp. Unknown Photographer, James Ballantyne fonds, Photograph attributed to James Ballantyne/Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1980-232 NPC, PA-131963.

1895 | Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Photograph of a prison cell in Ottawa, 1895.

Jail. William James Topley, Topley Series E,Topley Studio / Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC , PA-027438.

ca. 1900 | Samuel J. Jarvis | Download original version » (.jpg 799 KB)

A view of the Entrance Locks in 1900 by Samuel Jarvis. The construction of the Chateau Laurier hotel would not begin on the left bank of Entrance Valley for another twelve years.

Rideau Canal Locks at Ottawa River before Chateau Laurier was built. Samuel J Jarvis fonds, Library and Archives Canada, accession number: MIKAN 3326202, PA-025014.

ca. 1905 | W.M. Harmer | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

Waiting for dinner in the cook shanty at a logging camp in the Ottawa Valley, ca. 1905.

Waiting for dinner in the cook shanty at a logging camp in the Ottawa Valley, Harmer William Morell / Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1966-033 NPC , PA-131963.

1911 | Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

A photograph of the Rideau Queen travelling the Rideau Canal, by William James Topley in 1911.

Driveway near subway. "Rideau Queen" and G.T.R. bridge. William James Topley, Topley Series C, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC, PA-009987.

1912-1913 | W.D. Watt | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

Hewing felled timber, operations of McFadden & Gillies, Jocko River, Ontario, 1912-1913.

Hewing felled timber, operations of McFadden & Gillies, Jocko River, Ont. W. D Watt, Booth family album, W.D. Watt/Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1979-208 NPC, PA-121799.

1922 | John Boyd | Download original version » (.jpg 752 KB)

Photograph of men selling lumber in Lower Town, Ottawa, 1922.

Wood market, Ottawa, Ont. John Boyd fonds, John Boyd / Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1971-120 NPC, PA-085978 .

1925 | John Boyd | Download original version » (.jpg 529 KB)

Photograph of renovations undertaken on January 7, 1925, by John Boyd.

Renewing the old canal, Ottawa, [Ont.]. John Boyd, John Boyd fonds, Library and Archives Canada, accession number: MIKAN 3326230, PA-086977.

Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

A photograph of Klock’s Mills by William James Topley, date unknown.

At Klock's Mills. William James Topley, Topley Series E, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC, PA-008417.

Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Photogrpah of men posing in front of Fire Station No. 2 in Bytown .

Fire Station, No. 2 Ottawa, Ont. William James Topley, Topley Series TXD, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC, PA-012637.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Workers of the lumber industry are shown riding the log boom down the Ottawa River; date and photographer unknown.

Floating Timber Down The Ottawa River. Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada accession number:2000629912 600-18, e010939379.

Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

A view of the Ottawa River, Nepean Point, and Lower Town from the steeple of Parliament; photograph taken by William James Topley, date unknown.

Looking down Ottawa River from Main Tower Parliament Buildings. William James Topley, Topley Series E, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC, PA-009253.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

A lumber raft on the Ottawa River. The lumbermen standing atop aid in communicating the raft’s immense scale, a trick used by many photographers at this time to correctly illustrate relative size; date and photographer are unknown.

Lumber Raft - At a distance. Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada accession number: 2000805708, e010939383.

Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Shanties built by and lived in by workers of the lumber industry in the Ottawa Valley; photographer William James; Topley had the inhabitants included for scale, date unknown.

Messrs. Klock's Shanties. William James Topley, Topley Series E , Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC, PA-008402.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 1 MB)

The river steamer Murray Bay on the St. Lawrence River, date unknown.

Murray Bay' Steamer, Unknown Photographer, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec and Manitoba, album 43, Canada. Dept. of Mines and Resources / Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1939-457 NPC, C-023018.

Ken Jacobson | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Several rafts photographed on the Ottawa River and large stacks of lumber piled high in Quebec; date and photographer unknown.

Ottawa Rafts, River and Teepee. Photographer Unknown, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1989-139 NPC, e010939375.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 21 MB)

Photograph of a log boom, or timber raft, floats beneath the Parliament Buildings in Entrance Valley; photographer and date are unknown.

Parliament Buildings, Ottawa (Page 21, photo #2). Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1992-403, e010801339.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 5 MB)

A view directly down the Entrance Locks from Sappers Bridge; date and photographer unknown.

Rideau Canal Locks. Unknown Photographer, Ralph Greenhill collection, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1975-110 NPC, C-079136 .

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Photograph of the Rideau King steamboat near Chaffeys Lock .

Rideau King near Chaffeys Lock. [Ont.].  J.M. Mills fonds, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1951-038 NPC, C-009417.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Photograph of the Rideau King steamboat passing through the locks .

Rideau King. Unknown Photographer, A.E. Young collection and other views of North America, 1858-1958 (formerly Series B), Andrew Merrilees / Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1980-149 NPC, PA-142355.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 2 MB)

Photograph of The Rideau Queen steamship traversing the length of the Rideau Canal.

Rideau Queen near Chaffeys Locks, Ont. Unknown Photographer, John M. Mills fonds, Mills, J.M. / Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1951-038 NPC, C-009416.

Unknown | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

An early photograph of the ruins of Lt. Col. By’s house on Major’s Hill. Date and photographer are unknown.

Ruins of Col. By's house Major's Hill Park. Unknown Photographer, Library and Archives Canada accession number 1970-001 NPC , C-023602.

Jarvis | Download original version » (.jpg 4 MB)

A photograph by Samuel Jarvis, capturing the Rideau Queen steamship travelling north along the canal towards Entrance Valley.

Steamer RIDEAU QUEEN of Kingston on Rideau Canal. Jarvis, Jarvis / Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1951-019 NPC, C-006895.

Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

Photograph of stables and shanties built by many of the Rideau Canal workers during the canal’s construction. This photograph was taken by William James Topley, date unknown.

The stables of Klock's shanty.  William James Topley, Topley Series E, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC, PA-008396.

Topley | Download original version » (.jpg 3 MB)

A photograph of the workers’ shanties by William James Topley, date unknown.

The stables of Klock's shanty.William James Topley, Topley Series E, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1936-270 NPC, PA-008396.